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Recipe... L.A. kalbi is a uniquely Korean-American dish that uses flanken-style short ribs rather than the butterflied English-style ribs traditionally used in kalbi in Korea.

L.A. kalbi is a uniquely Korean-American dish that uses flanken-style short ribs rather than the butterflied English-style ribs traditionally used in kalbi in Korea. It’s widely accepted that L.A. kalbi originated in the Korean immigrant community in Los Angeles, where home cooks turned to the cheaper flanken-style ribs that were readily available at local Mexican markets. These short ribs, which are thinly cut across multiple ribs so each strip of meat has three little bones along one edge, are perfect for marinating and quickly grilling and result in tender meat that’s sweet, salty, and well-caramelized all over. using Wagyu Ribs takes this recipe to the next level.

The marinade usually has some combination of soy sauce, toasted sesame oil, garlic, ginger, and a sweetener, but every restaurant (and Korean mom) has a different variation. Here grated Asian pear and granulated sugar add sweetness, but you’ll find recipes that call for grated apple or kiwi, honey, brown sugar, and even lemon-lime soda, a sneaky pantry substitute for fruit. Feel free to make substitutions in your own marinade—use apple cider vinegar in place of rice vinegar, an Anjou pear if you can’t find Asian pear, and so on—depending on your taste preferences. Grilling the ribs over charcoal results in the best flavor, as it adds smokiness to the caramelized meat. But you’ll also get good results if you cook them on a gas grill, in a grill pan on the stovetop, or broil them in the oven.

While L.A. kalbi can shine just fine on its own with a simple bowl of rice and some kimchi, this recipe goes all-out with everything you need to enjoy the kalbi in ssam (lettuce wraps): fresh leaf lettuce and perilla leaves for wrapping; pa muchim, a fresh, lightly dressed scallion salad that cuts through the ribs’ meaty sweetness; and hot, cooked short-grain rice. Use a pair of kitchen scissors—a staple in Korean cooking—at the table to cut the three-boned ribs into single-serving pieces, or cut the meat off the bones for easy ssam wrapping. Wash it all down with an ice-cold beer and you’ll be licking your fingers, and the bones, clean. —Irene Yoo


4–6 servings



garlic cloves


large or 1 medium Asian pear, peeled, cored, cut into large chunks


1” piece ginger, peeled, coarsely chopped


cup mirin (sweet Japanese rice wine)


cup soy sauce (not low-sodium)


cup sugar


cup toasted sesame oil


tsp. freshly ground black pepper

lb. ¼"–½"-thick crosscut bone-in beef short ribs (flanken-style; about 12 three-bone strips)



bunches scallions, cut into 3" pieces


Tbsp. apple cider vinegar


Tbsp. mirin (sweet Japanese rice wine)


tsp. gochugaru (coarse Korean red pepper powder)


tsp. sugar


Kosher salt


Vegetable oil (for grill)


Toasted sesame seeds and thinly sliced scallions (for serving)


large head of green leaf, red leaf, or Bibb lettuce, leaves separated, torn if large


perilla leaves (optional)


Cooked short-grain rice (for serving)


  1. KALBI

    Step 1

    Blitz garlic, Asian pear, and ginger to a smooth purée in a food processor or blender. (Or, finely grate garlic and ginger; grate Asian pear on large holes of a box grater.) Transfer purée to a medium bowl. Whisk in mirin, soy sauce, sugar, sesame oil, black pepper, and ½ cup water until sugar is dissolved.

    Step 2

    Arrange short ribs in a resealable plastic bag or baking dish. Pour marinade over and turn ribs to coat. Seal or cover and chill at least 4 hours and up to 12 hours.\

    Do Ahead: Freeze ribs in marinade for up to 1 month.


    Step 3

    Slice scallion pieces lengthwise into thin strips. Soak in a mesh strainer set inside a large bowl of ice water 10 minutes to remove some sharp bite and allow time to curl slightly. Swish scallions around with your hands to remove any sliminess, then drain well and pat dry. Wipe out bowl; return scallions to bowl.

    Step 4

    Whisk vinegar, mirin, gochugaru, and sugar in a small bowl until sugar is dissolved; season with salt. Add dressing to scallions and toss to coat.

    Step 5

    Prepare a grill for medium-high heat; oil grate. Remove short ribs from marinade and grill until well browned and slightly charred around edges, about 3 minutes per side. Transfer to a platter and top with sesame seeds and sliced scallions. Let rest 5 minutes, then cut meat into bite-size pieces with kitchen shears.

    Step 6

    Arrange lettuce and perilla leaves (if using) on a second platter. Scoop rice into individual bowls.

    Step 7

    To eat, stack a palm-size lettuce leaf and a perilla leaf in your hand. Top with rice, meat, and scallion salad and wrap into a tight bundle. Eat in one bite and repeat!

    Photo By Isa Zapata, Food Styling By Kat Boystova